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:: Volume 6, Issue 5 (November-December 2018) ::
3 JNE 2018, 6(5): 54-61 Back to browse issues page
The compare risky behavior, communication skills and self-efficacy between adolescences of orphanage, replacement families and normal families in Bandar Abbas
Elham Rezaie , Kobra Haji Alizadeh
Islamic Azad University, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
Abstract:   (749 Views)
Introduction: Children who are rising up in family environment are resilience to facing life problems. Therefore this study was done aimed to compare risky behavior, communication skills and self-efficacy between adolescences of orphanage, replacement families and normal families.
Methods: Descriptive and causal-comparative analysis has been used as research method. The statistical population included all adolescents 12 to 18 years living in the orphanage, replacement families and normal families of Bandar Abbas in 2015. The sample of this study was 150 adolescent that were selected 50 orphanage adolescent and 50 adolescent of replacement families by purposive sampling and 50 adolescent of normal families by random sampling. Iranian Adolescents Risk Scale, General Self-Efficacy Scale and Queendom Communication Skills Test were used for gathering data. Multiple-way analysis of variance and SPSS software were used for analyzing the data.
Results: Mean and standard deviation of risky behavior in adolescences of orphanage were 118/04±5/85, replacement families 110/14±5/21 and normal families 109/82±6/06, communication skills in adolescences of orphanage were 111/17±6/19, replacement families 122/11±7/62 and normal families 121/03±6/42 and self-efficacy in adolescences of orphanage were 53/33±3/84, replacement families 61/39±4/01 and normal families 63/20±3/26. There wasn't a significant difference between adolescents of normal families and replacement families in risky behaviors, communication skills and self-efficacy (p> 0/05), but there was a significant difference between adolescences of normal families and replacement families with orphanage adolescences in risky behaviors, communication skills and self-efficacy (p< 0/05).
Conclusion: The occurrence of risky behaviors is high in orphan adolescents. Also, orphan adolescents have weak communication skills and their perception of self-efficacy is low. Therefore, it is important to develop programs and conduct trainings to prevent risky behaviors as well as increase communication skills and self-efficacy in adolescences of orphanage.


 
Keywords: risky behavior, communication, self-efficacy, orphanage, adolescences.
Full-Text [PDF 441 kb]   (508 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Quantitative-Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/12/1 | Accepted: 2017/12/16 | Published: 2017/12/16


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Rezaie E, Haji Alizadeh K. The compare risky behavior, communication skills and self-efficacy between adolescences of orphanage, replacement families and normal families in Bandar Abbas. 3 JNE. 2018; 6 (5) :54-61
URL: http://jne.ir/article-1-725-en.html


Volume 6, Issue 5 (November-December 2018) Back to browse issues page
نشریه آموزش پرستاری Journal of Nursing Education
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