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:: Volume 5, Issue 4 (September- October 2016) ::
3 JNE 2016, 5(4): 34-40 Back to browse issues page
Effect of Health Belief Model Education on the Participation of Rural Women in Papsmear Test
Afshin Bahmani , Alireza Gharib , Khaled Rahmani , Farzaneh Ahmadian , Zainab Alizadeh , Bahieh Akhtar
Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences. Sanandaj, Iran , a_bahmani59@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2188 Views)

Introduction: Cervical cancer is one of the most prevalent cancers in females. Pap smear test is an effective screening program; however, it is not conducted very frequently. The purpose of this article was to present findings on the effect of health belief model education on women's participation in Pap smear examination.

Methods: The study included a convenience sample of asymptomatic females aged 20 years and older, who were living in Sarvabad. Overall, 180 subjects were selected and randomly divided to experimental (n = 90) and control (n = 90) groups. Data were collected using a demographic questionnaire and items of the Health Belief Model were self-reported. Data analysis included descriptive statistics for demographic variables, and Manwitny test and Chi-square determined the associations of other variables.

Results: Our findings showed that the mean scores of the intervention group and the control group based on the Mann-Whitney test in perceived susceptibility, perceived benefits, perceived barriers and perceived self-efficacy had a significant relationship. However, the severity had no significant relationship.Furthermore, 64.5% of people in the intervention group had pap test. Rate of doing a Pap test in the intervention group was 2.5 times that of the control.

Conclusions: Findings showed that targeted training and education models influence participation of women in the Pap smear test.

Keywords: Pap Smear, Cervical Cancer, Health Belief Model
Full-Text [PDF 304 kb]   (912 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Quantitative-Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/11/23 | Accepted: 2016/11/23 | Published: 2016/11/23
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Bahmani A, Gharib A, Rahmani K, Ahmadian F, Alizadeh Z, Akhtar B. Effect of Health Belief Model Education on the Participation of Rural Women in Papsmear Test. 3 JNE. 2016; 5 (4) :34-40
URL: http://jne.ir/article-1-717-en.html

Volume 5, Issue 4 (September- October 2016) Back to browse issues page
نشریه آموزش پرستاری Journal of Nursing Education
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