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:: Volume 4, Issue 3 (autumn 2015) ::
3 JNE 2015, 4(3): 30-40 Back to browse issues page
Assessing the Effect of Family-based Intervention Education Program on Perceived Social Support among Older Adults with Type 2 Diabetes: Application of Social Cognitive Theory
MR Amini Moridani, A Tol, R Sadeghi , B Mohebbi, K Azam
School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , sadeghir@tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (16526 Views)
Introduction: diabetes is one of problems in aging. Family support helps to maintain independence and self-care which results in reducing diabetes cost and burden. This study aimed at evaluating the effect of a family-based social support educational intervention program among older people with type 2 diabetes. Methods: In this interventional study, eligible elderly patients with type 2 diabetes participated in the study using randomized sampling. A three parts questionnaire including demographic and heath related variable, standard perceived social support instrument and self-designed questionnaire based on Social Cognitive Theory (SCT). After baseline, an educational program performed based on Social Cognitive Theory constructs (SCT) (knowledge and situation analysis, expected outcome, self-efficacy, self-management and self-control to relatives who lived with the subjects (the intervention group). Collected data was analyzed using SPSS version 16 with statistical tests at the significant level of p<0.05. Results: Before intervention, there was no significant differences perceived social support and constructs of SCT between intervention group and compare based on Wilcoxon test (p>0.05). But after the intervention, there was a statistical difference (p<0.001) . SCT' structures and perceived social support just in the intervention group revealed a statistical differences using Paired t- Test (p<0.001). Conclusion: family-centered educational program based on SCT can be effective in diabetes care improvement and family support promotion in health care systems.
Keywords: Elder people, Type2 diabetes, Social support, Social Cognitive Theory, Family centered education
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Type of Study: Quantitative-Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/10/7 | Accepted: 2015/11/21 | Published: 2015/11/21
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Amini Moridani M, Tol A, Sadeghi R, Mohebbi B, Azam K. Assessing the Effect of Family-based Intervention Education Program on Perceived Social Support among Older Adults with Type 2 Diabetes: Application of Social Cognitive Theory. 3 JNE. 2015; 4 (3) :30-40
URL: http://jne.ir/article-1-530-en.html


Volume 4, Issue 3 (autumn 2015) Back to browse issues page
نشریه آموزش پرستاری Journal of Nursing Education
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