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:: Volume 6, Issue 4 (September-October 2017) ::
3 JNE 2017, 6(4): 26-37 Back to browse issues page
Assessing the effect of educational intervention on cardiovascular risk factors prevention among girl students of secondrary course in high school: Application of Social Cognitive Theory
S Ghasemi ghale ghasemi, B Mohebbi, R Sadeghi , A Tol, H Mirzaei, A Hassanzadeh
Tehran Univerity of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , sadeghir@tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (3289 Views)
Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases are the main reason of morbidity, mortality and disability all around the world. According to life style changes it seems that risk factors of Coronary-heart disease started in childhood and adolescence. Current study was conducted to determine the impact of educational intervention on preventing Cardiovascular Diseases risk factors among girl students of secondary school in Zarrin Shahr, Lenjan city 2015-2016.
Materials and Methods: This study was an experimental interventional one which two high schools were randomly assigned to intervention and control groups. 71 students, their mothers and a trainee in one of the high schools as intervention group and 80 students and their mothers and another high school educator were selected as control group. An educational program was held for students, their mothers and a trainee in the intervention group. The impact of training on all intervention groups was assessed six months after intrvention. Data were analyzed by SPSS software Version 20. The independent t-test, paired t test, chi-square and Mann – Whitney test were used. The significance level considered less than 0.05
 Results: study findings revealed that there was no significant statistically differences between the mean score of demographics and all structures of Social Cognitive Theory before the intervention. After the intervention, the mean score of knowledge structures and perceived Position, outcome expectation, outcome values, self – efficacy, self-management and self – control   in the intervention group and the mean score of perceived barriers structure in control group were higher significantly, but the mean score of environment structures and social support were not significantly different between two groups.
Conclusion: Ongoing educational intervention from low ages can be considered as an effective factor in reducting cardiovascular diseases risk factors among students using the Social Cognitive Theory.
 
Keywords: Cardiovascular Diseases, Cognitive Social Model, Students
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Type of Study: Quantitative-Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/05/20 | Accepted: 2017/10/14 | Published: 2017/10/14
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ghasemi ghale ghasemi S, mohebbi B, sadeghi R, tol A, mirzaei H, hassanzadeh A. Assessing the effect of educational intervention on cardiovascular risk factors prevention among girl students of secondrary course in high school: Application of Social Cognitive Theory. 3 JNE. 2017; 6 (4) :26-37
URL: http://jne.ir/article-1-814-en.html


Volume 6, Issue 4 (September-October 2017) Back to browse issues page
نشریه آموزش پرستاری Journal of Nursing Education
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